Sugar is a class of organic compounds whose chemical nature is polyaldol or polyhydroxy ketone and its derivatives. Carbohydrate metabolism refers to a series of complex processes such as glucose (Glc) and glycogen (Gn) in the body. chemical reaction. The main forms of sugar in the human body are glucose (glucose, Glc) and glycogen (glycogen, Gn).
Glucose is the transport form of sugar in the blood and occupies a major position in the body's glucose metabolism; glycogen is a polymer of glucose, including liver glycogen, muscle glycogen and kidney glycogen, which is the storage form of sugar in the body. Both glucose and glycogen are oxidized in the body to provide energy. Sugar in food is the main source of sugar in the body. After being ingested by the human body, it is digested into monosaccharides and absorbed, and then transported to various tissue cells through the blood for anabolism and catabolism. The main metabolic pathways of sugar in the body include anaerobic glycolysis of glucose, aerobic oxidation, pentose phosphate pathway, uronic acid pathway, polyol pathway, glycogen synthesis and glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis and other hexose metabolism, etc.
Disorders of glucose metabolism are the root causes of diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disease. Glucose metabolism is the body's ability to metabolize sugar.
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